I. Occurs after verbs of saying, thinking, knowing, and perceiving.
II. Verb becomes infinitive.
III. Subject of verb becomes accusative.
Example: Ego laudo. I praise.
Scio me laudare. I know that I praise.
IV. Tense of infinitive.
Sample ExCET-type questions:
1. Fill in the blank in the sentence below:
Dixit suum amicum numquam ______________.
Answer: d, because the indirect statement requires the infinitive mentitum esse.
2. Fill in the blank in the sentence below:
Marcus putavit ____ patriam servavisse.
Answer: c, because the indirect statement requires the accusative subject te.
3. Plinius dixit se scholam conditurum esse.
Answer: b, because the future infinitive conditurum esse states that the action in the indirect statement happens after the main verb dixit.
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